There are wide ranges of training methods which are suitable as per the different categories of personnel in the organization. It depends upon the organization to select the relevant training method as per the organization needs. The various training methods are as follows:
i) On the job method of training:
It is the most effective training where the workers are given training at the place of work. It means they learn in the actual working environment which means they are learning while doing. This type of training is cheaper and less time-consuming as it involves learning the skills that can be learnt in a short span of time. It involves:
a) Understudy: – here the superior gives training to his subordinate as his understudy or assistant. It helps the subordinate to prepare for the superior’s job in case superior leaves the organization.
b) Coaching: – here supervisor gives knowledge to his subordinate. This type of training is given in case where the superior has enough time to give coaching to the subordinate.
c) Job rotation: job rotation means changing the position of the employee from time to time to help them to learn different skills, to develop all round workers. But there should be no frequent changes in the job of the employees as they must be given sufficient time to acquire the full knowledge of the job. This kind of training is suitable for higher level employees.
ii) Off the job method of training:
It means the employees get the training for a specific period but not at the work place rather away from the work place. It means they are free from the tension of work while training. The different types of off the job training are:
a) Case study: under this method trainees are given a problem or a case study which is more or less related to their job. Then they analyze the problem and give solutions which are discussed in the classroom. Then the instructor helps them to reach at a common solution.
b) Lecture cum discussion method: this is also called class room training. The special lectures can be given by the top executive of the organization or by the specialist in a particular field. The person is generally expert in the particular field. The trainees generally had the note books to note down the important points said by the expert.
This method can also be used for the new entrant in the organization or to deliver the message to large group in that case the cost per trainee is less. But only in case of lecture method alone the learners are passive, there is only one way communication between them so lecture method can be combined with discussion method. Where the trainees take part in the discussion and give the feedback to the expert.
c) Conference training: in this kind of training the there is a group meeting in which different persons present their view relating to a particular topic. The members learn from the others and respect the others viewpoint. The proceedings of the conference are conducted by the chairman who is responsible for summing up the conference.
iii) Vestibule method of training:
It means training in class room for semi skilled jobs. Here large number of employees can be trained at the same time for same type of work. The emphasis on learning rather than the production. Here the attempt is made to create the similar type of working conditions as actual. It is generally given to clerks, typists etc. but this kind of training is expensive as it requires duplicate machines to learn the skill.
I hope you got the idea of different methods of training.