8 factors affecting demand

Concept of demand: Before discussing the factors affecting demand, let us discuss the concept of demand.

Demand is the ability and willingness to buy a product at given price and a particular time. The word demand is different from the want and the word desire. Want means that a person has the money but he does not want to spend. Desire is just a wish; it means that a person does not have the money to buy a product.

Demand has following conditions:   

1.Time 2. Price that is why Demand is the ability and willingness to buy a product at given price and a particular time. Continue reading “8 factors affecting demand”

Difference between positive economics and normative economics

Last time we have discussed the types of economics. Today we will discuss the difference between positive economics and normative economics. Let us discuss it:

POSITIVE ECONOMICS:  

It deals with the economic issues of past, present and future and tells about what was, what is, what would be. Positive economics is basically based on the facts and figures which can be verifiable.

For example India is the second largest populated country; it is a positive statement nobody can deny it as it is based on the facts and figures.

NORMATIVE ECONOMICS:

It deals with the opinions of economists related to the economic issues and tells about what ought to be. Normative economics is basically based on the opinions which can’t be verifiable. For example there should be the development industries in underdeveloped countries to make them developing countries. So this statement is just an opinion and it is just a judgment.

I hope you have understood the difference between positive economics and normative economics.

Types of Economics

The term economics is very common and Economics can be broadly classified into two parts:

MICRO ECONOMICS: in microeconomics we study “I” which means individual. It means in micro economics we study everything from the point of view of individual. The word micro itself means small. In micro economics we study individual firm, individual producer, individual consumer etc. Continue reading “Types of Economics”

Features and Criticism of Economics as a Science of wealth

Economics is considered as science of wealth as it is a study of the factors which are responsible for wealth generation. Thus in Economics we study a body of knowledge which relates to wealth. Economics as a science of wealth Economist Adam Smith, J. B. Say, John Mill, F. A. Walker and Riccardo. Adam Smith is known as a Father of Modern Economics and 1776, he has written a book called “An Enquiry into Nature and causes of wealth of Nation”. Continue reading “Features and Criticism of Economics as a Science of wealth”